Happy Birthday Queen Elizabeth!

Big roars to you… The weather is turning hotter..summer is here! Time to celebrate!

It’s also time for the Queen to celebrate…

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Today she celebrates 60 years since her coronation. A coronation is the ceremony that shows she is officially Queen!

She was called Princess Elizabeth and during World War II she helped the war effort. She trained to be a driver and a mechanic and it gave people hope seeing the Royal Family helping in the war.

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After the war she married Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark… And he became known as HRH (His Royal Highness) The Duke of Edinburgh.

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She started visiting lots of countries around the world and was visiting Kenya when her father King George VI passed away on 6th February 1952.

She became Queen straight away…they call it ‘Ascending the throne’. The throne is the chair that a King or Queen sits on.

But her coronation (the official ceremony) was not until 2nd June 1953!

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It was held in Westminster Abbey in London.

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The ceremony had lots of prayers, singing, music and trumpets!
The Queen was given the solid gold St Edwards Crown…an orb and sceptre…

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All things showing that she was now the new Queen of the British Isles as well as 16 Commonwealth Countries like Australia, Canada, South Africa, New Zealand, Jamaica, Barbados…

Here is the very heavy crown

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The crown was so heavy that Queen Elizabeth had to practice wearing it round the house before the coronation….she even wore it when she was bathing her children!

Here is the orb and sceptre

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Television was only just becoming popular and so not many people had TV’s…instead people held huge street parties

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Or lined the streets of London to catch a glimpse of the Queen in her carriage.

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She has dedicated her life to her Royal Duties..

“I declare before you all that my whole life, whether it be long or short, shall be devoted to your service and the service of our great imperial family to which we all belong.”

She is Patron and Head of many charities and visits them to see their work and help them raise money. http://www.royal.gov.uk/MonarchUK/RoyalVisits/UKvisits.aspx

But it’s a busy week for Queen Elizabeth…

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Because June is also the official birthday of the Queen. Really she was born on April 21st 1926… But the King or Queen also has an official birthday!

Dino is very jealous of her…he would love to have 2 birthdays!

In 1748… It was decided that the King or Queen should have a special birthday party… On the first, second or third Saturday of June. This year it is on June 15th.

This is called the Trooping of the Colour and it happens at a place called ‘Horse Guards Parade’.

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The Queen travels down The Mall escorted by the horse guards.

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She receives a royal salute

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She then Inspects her troops..the foot guards and horse guards.

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They march past the queen and salute. The kings troop parade past with their guns.

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There are over 400 musicians from the household cavalry band.

The queen returns to Buckingham palace. There is a 41 gun salute.

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Then the royal family go onto the balcony to watch a fly past of important aircraft from the Royal Air Force.

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The Queen then announces the Birthday honours..for all the people who have been good citizens or done something amazing to improve their community… People could be made a Sir or a Dame! What do you think about Sir Lion and Sir Dino?

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